Erectile Dysfunction Problems, Symptoms and Risks Explained
Erectile dysfunction is a very common medical problem affecting roughly about 15% of men globally each year. It is estimated that in 1995 there were over 152 million men across the world, who suffered some kind of ED problem.
What is meant by Erectile Dysfunction?
Erectile dysfunction (ED) or impotence, is the inability to achieve and maintain a penile erection, firm enough for sex.
In case one is not regularly experiencing problems or incapability with penile erection, it is not necessarily a cause for concern. However, if erectile dysfunction is an ongoing issue, it can cause much distress, affect one’s self-confidence and add to relationship problems.
Problems in getting or keeping an erection can also be a sign of an underlying health condition that needs treatment, and a sign of danger for the heart.
Symptoms/ Problems/ Complications arising from ED
Erectile dysfunction symptoms might include some persistent problems or complications as mentioned below:
- Trouble achieving or getting an erection
- Trouble keeping or maintaining an erection
- Premature ejaculation
- Reduced sexual desire
- An unsatisfactory sex life
- Stress and anxiety/ depression or any other form of mental illness
- Embarrassment or extremely low self-esteem
- Relationship problems
- The inability to impregnate a partner
- Delayed or painful ejaculation
Risk factors associated with Erectile Dysfunction in the long-run
As one gets older, erections might take longer to develop and might not be as firm. One might essentially need more direct physical touch to the penis in order to get and keep an erection.
Various risk factors can contribute to erectile dysfunction, including the following conditions:
- Medical conditions, particularly diabetes or heart conditions
- Tobacco use, which restricts blood flow to veins and arteries, can over time, cause chronic health conditions that lead to erectile dysfunction
- Being overweight, especially in cases of obesity
- Certain medical treatments, such as prostate surgery or radiation treatment for cancer
- Injuries, particularly if they damage the nerves or arteries that control erections
- Medications, including antidepressants, antihistamines and medications to treat high blood pressure, pain or prostate conditions
- Psychological conditions, such as stress, anxiety or depression
- Drug and alcohol use, especially if someone is a long-term drug user or heavy drinker
Medications that helps to cure ED:
Problems associated with Drugs for Erectile Dysfunction
The most common problems or risks of consuming drugs to cure ED are as follows:
- Upset stomach,
- Nasal congestion,
- Vision problems,
- Painful erections (A man who has an erection that lasts four hours or more needs to get to a hospital or risk permanent damage.)
Preventive Measures to avoid severe ED symptoms
The best way to prevent erectile dysfunction is to make healthy lifestyle choices and manage any existing health conditions. For example:
- Having a healthy diet.
- Take steps to reduce stress.
- Take steps to reduce stress.
- Work with an authorised doctor to manage diabetes, heart disease or other chronic health conditions.
- Seek a healthcare professional for regular checkups and medical screening tests.
- Stop smoking, limit or avoid alcohol, and don’t use illegal drugs.
- Exercise regularly.
- Get help for anxiety, depression or other mental health concerns.
- Learning about the side effects of daily medicines.
- Considering couples counselling if having trouble communicating with your partner.
When to consult a doctor?
Since most men do not find enough comfort in talking out about their sexual problems to anyone and everyone, it is suggested that they seek help from their family doctor. However, they can always go to specialists to know about the best treatments that would be most suitable for them. One should definitely not avoid a doctor consultation in case of the following scenarios:
- Having concerns about erections for a considerable period or experiencing some other sexual problems such as premature or delayed ejaculation.
- In case of diabetes, heart disease or another known health condition that might be linked to erectile dysfunction.
- In case there are some other symptoms along with erectile dysfunction.